孕期應警惕這些不正常信息

核心提示:   孕期不正常的現象   懷孕期間由於子宮壓迫以及激素的改變等因素,讓有孕在身的媽媽們時常感到不適與不便。有些體質比較敏感或是較虛弱的准媽媽們,在懷孕時期很容易有出血、腹痛等症狀,雖然這樣未必就是母體異常的征兆,不過為了腹中胎兒的健康與安全,還是必須多加留意,給予高度關注,必要時應該立刻就醫,將病史與症狀詳細告知醫師,才能得到完善的照顧及解決。   一般而言,懷孕期間的腹痛可分為與懷孕有關……

孕期不正常的現象

懷孕期間由於子宮壓迫以及激素的改變等因素,讓有孕在身的媽媽們時常感到不適與不便。有些體質比較敏感或是較虛弱的准媽媽們,在懷孕時期很容易有出血、腹痛等症狀,雖然這樣未必就是母體異常的征兆,不過為了腹中胎兒的健康與安全,還是必須多加留意,給予高度關注,必要時應該立刻就醫,將病史與症狀詳細告知醫師,才能得到完善的照顧及解決。

一般而言,懷孕期間的腹痛可分為與懷孕有關或無關兩種:

與懷孕有關的腹痛

懷孕初期

1 腹部脹痛

懷孕時期,因子宮撐大導致的腹部脹痛感,初次懷孕的准媽媽有著尤其深刻的感受。准媽媽們會感到腹部悶悶的,但不會太過疼痛,這樣算是正常的脹痛。現今生活型態趨於忙碌、急躁,時常維持著緊張的情緒雖然會令肚子感到不舒服,但是只要准媽媽們稍作休息並且保持輕松的心情,腹部的脹痛感即可得到舒緩。

異常情況

當准媽媽們感覺到下腹部有持續性的撕裂般絞痛,或是陣陣的收縮疼痛,同時合並陰道出血的情形發生,就極有可能是流產的征兆,必須盡快就醫。

懷孕中期

1 腹部抽痛

准媽媽們有時會感到下腹兩側時常有疼痛感,而且經常只痛一邊或是兩邊輪流痛,最常發生的情況就是早晚上下床時,更是感到一陣抽痛。專家解釋,這是由於子宮韌帶拉扯引起的抽痛感,但是准媽媽們不用太擔心,因為這並不會對懷孕過程造成危害。不過,子宮增大的同時有可能會向上擠壓到准媽媽的胃,加上食道與胃部括約肌的松弛,非常容易造成胃液回流,有時還會造成胸口有灼熱疼痛的現象,會導致胃部惡心或抽痛。

異常情況

若是准媽媽感覺到下腹部開始規則的收縮痛,同時合並有下腹部緊繃的感覺時,就要懷疑這樣的症狀是否是因為子宮收縮而引起的,因為這很有可能將會發生早產的情形。遇到這個情況就必須盡快就醫,因為越早找到早產的原因,就能越早進行安胎。大部分的情形只要早點發現都能夠順利安胎,但是如果延誤了就醫時間,等到子宮頸口已經開了二指(約4厘米)以上,到時候想安胎就非常困難了。

2 下腹部強烈收縮

脹大的子宮會壓迫到准媽媽的腸胃器官,而使得准媽媽感到上腹疼痛、惡心,甚至會有食不下咽的狀況,有時候上腹兩側的肋骨疼痛劇烈,也會容易喘。同時,下腹恥骨、膀胱受到子宮的壓迫而會有頻尿與疼痛等狀況,直腸受到子宮壓迫也容易感到腹脹及便秘的情形導致身體不適。

准媽媽們想要避免腹脹及便秘的情形,只要改變飲食習慣,少量多餐以及多多休息即可。如果准媽媽們感到子宮好像常常變得比較“硬”,或是有子宮收縮感,如果只是偶爾發生而且不頻繁也不規則,那麼只需要多加休息,避免太過勞累即可改善,正常情況下這對懷孕過程的安全並不會造成威脅。

異常情況

如果是持續性的強烈收縮,有時候甚至會合並陰道出血時,非常有可能發生胎盤早期剝離的危險情形,應該要立刻到醫院檢查治療。孕婦 葉酸的吸收影響寶寶發育

廚房水槽哪種好?是選單水槽還是雙水槽?

現代廚房中,水槽是必備的一個家居用品。家中無論是洗菜還是清潔廚具,都離不開廚房水槽。水槽能夠保證汙水不會濺出來,彙聚汙水向排水管道流下去!但是,廚房水槽哪種好?是選單水槽還是雙水槽?一般來說,單水槽要大一些,雙槽要小一點。有些人認為,清潔廚具和洗菜需要分開,就有了雙水槽!也有人覺得,安裝雙槽浪費空間。那麼,水槽單槽好還是雙槽好呢?我們現在來看看水槽單槽好還是雙槽好吧!

為新屋入伙的住宅客戶,提供優惠組合。只要入伙後購買或轉用指定節能熱水爐或IC電磁爐,即可享高達$400獎賞。住宅客戶凡購買任何電熱水爐或雙頭IC電磁爐,亦可享高達$400「氣轉電」獎賞!立即行動,選用節能家電,打造低碳綠適家居生活 !

1、按照生活習慣來選擇

選擇單槽還是雙槽很大程度會根據你的生活習慣來決定,首先看你在清潔食材與餐具上有沒有什麼講究,如果對此沒有太大要求的,可以選擇單槽;但是有些人會覺得食材與餐具放在一個水槽清潔,不衛生,因此會選擇雙槽。

另外還要看你習慣中餐還是西餐,一般西餐的食材分量雖少,但是種類頗多,雙槽更容易清潔與分類,能節省不少時間。因此,如果你家習慣西餐,最好選擇雙槽。

2、按照廚房大小來選擇

就占空間大小而言,雙槽所占的空間面積肯定比單槽大,因此,如果你家廚房真的非常小,那就不要逞強做雙槽了。但是,雙槽的單獨一個水槽的大小要比單槽小一些,如果你家習慣用大鍋,又想做雙槽,就要注意水槽的尺寸大小,建議做大小水槽的設計,大水槽的尺寸起碼在35CM以上,因為一般炒鍋的直徑都在28-34CM之間,這樣就不用擔心鍋放不進水槽了!

3、按照安裝方式來選擇

相比較而言,雙槽的安裝要比單槽麻煩一些,其下水管道更加複雜,由於管道較多,也更容易出現堵塞、泄露的問題。而單槽這個時候就比較有優勢了,單槽水管道安裝維修要簡單方便一些,不過需要注意的是,單槽的水槽深度最好在18CM以上,這樣能夠防止水花飛濺出來!

Grohe雨淋花灑頭系統屢獲殊榮,亦同時在Grohe 龍頭上精心研究,產品更加了解個人化之外也都經過測試,防塵耐劃痕,讓浴室在數年之後仍然光亮如新。Grohe希望用戶每天沖涼時都可以好好放鬆,身體得到全面的舒適享受。

How to maintain new Chinese furniture?

 

Guide: New Chinese furniture inherits the mature concept of the ancients in design, combined with the modern people’s pursuit of aesthetic and functional coordination, integrated into the modern scientific ergonomic design, making the seat more comfortable and practical. Most of the materials used in the materials are wood materials, so the maintenance of new Chinese furniture is the same as the maintenance of traditional Chinese furniture, and all need to be taken care of.
The new Chinese furniture is a fusion of Chinese elements and modern materials. It is a style that reflects traditional elements in a way that conforms to the aesthetics of modern people.

The new Chinese-style furniture inherits the mature concept of the ancients in combination with the modern people’s ergonomic design, which makes the seat more comfortable and practical. Most of the materials used in the materials are wood materials, so the maintenance of new Chinese furniture is the same as the maintenance of traditional Chinese furniture, and all need to be taken care of.

Maintenance 1

Especially in the cold winter, the heating is baked, the air is dry, and the wood itself is relatively fragile in winter, so the maintenance is urgent!

Different woods have different maintenance
Maintenance 3

Rosewood
I have to admit that rosewood furniture is the most difficult to maintain in all mahogany furniture. If the rosewood furniture is not completely dried and shaped, it is prone to cracking and other problems. Even if the treatment is completely cleared, there will be some shrinkage or cracking under different temperature and humidity changes.

Maintenance points

place it with care: keep a distance of one centimeter from the wall when placing it, and don’t stick it to the wall. Because if it is too close, the moisture on the brick wall will erode the furniture, make the furniture damp, and damage the wax layer or patina on the furniture surface, thus damaging the wood. Furniture with drawers, do not put heavy objects and blunt objects, so as not to crush and scratch, nor to step on, especially in dry winter, the most vulnerable.

Maintenance 4

Daily Wiping: The maintenance of mahogany furniture requires occasional cleaning. In the daily rubbing process, the rosewood furniture is best wiped with a coarse cloth. The surface of the furniture will be more shiny and smooth. There are many places for carving and hollowing out in hardwood furniture. Some places are difficult to handle with a cloth, as long as the brush is used, and the harder the brown hair of the brush is. Moreover, during the wiping process, it is best to wipe in the direction of the wood grain, so that the rosewood furniture looks more beautiful in wood grain. The oil on the table can be wiped with alcohol. If there is no alcohol, it can be wiped with high-alcohol.

Maintenance 5

Waxing: After the dust is completely removed, it is necessary to master the principle of shallow to deep, from point to surface, step by step, and evenly wax. Another method is to wax the wax, dry the wax on the surface of the furniture, then use a hot hair dryer to blow the wax into a liquid, brush it with a brown brush, wait for it to cool and solidify, and then use a wood chip or bamboo to surface Remove the floating wax, and finally use a brown brush and cloth to “shake" and polish. This is a more professional and difficult method. If you don’t get it, you will make the patina a “new". It is not recommended for amateurs and novices to adopt.

Loose parts: Try to plug and reinforce it with a toothpick, white glue or cardboard. Never use 502 to stick. If the loosening situation is serious, you should seek technical assistance in a timely manner.

Irish farmers are dedicated to cultivate Grass fed beef with grass-based diet. European pastures acquire the most favorable and natural ingredients especially nutritious grass, to provide the best fodder to the animals.

Further reading: New Chinese furniture “light luxury” is more suitable for middle-class literary youth taste

Rosewood
Red sandalwood is one of the most valuable woods in the world. There is water in the red sandalwood wood. When the air humidity is too low, it will shrink. If it is too high, it will swell, so don’t put it in a place that is too dry or humid. Red sandalwood is a hardwood with a high density and is less likely to encounter insects. However, ultraviolet light has an effect on its appearance. Under direct sunlight, the color of red sandalwood will turn yellow.

Maintenance 6

Maintenance points

place it carefully: Remember to stay away from heat and glare, and place it in a place where the humidity is right at home. The surface of the rosewood furniture in the home should avoid rubbing with hard objects to avoid damaging the texture of the paint surface and the surface of the wood. For example, when placing decorative items such as porcelain bronzes, be careful. It is best to use a soft cloth. When handling or moving furniture, it should be handled gently and not hard, so as not to damage the structure.

Daily Wiping: “Every time you wipe it, don’t make it dusty.” The look of the rosewood comes from the usual, but never rub it with a wet rag or a rough rag, which will damage the wood and surface of the furniture. A soft cotton cloth is preferred for wiping. If there is oil stains, gently wipe with alcohol.

Maintenance 8

Waxing: It is best to choose a high-concentration solid wax for waxing. While maintaining the furniture, it can also fill in small defects on the furniture. In addition, spray wax is also a good choice. But the caveat is that the two can’t be used together, because it will make the furniture surface no longer bright.

Rosewood
Rosewood furniture is denser in wood and prefers a damp and dark environment. In a dry environment, especially in a strong external environment, rosewood is particularly prone to cracks due to uneven heat and evaporation of water. Therefore, in the northern region, especially in the dry winter, the maintenance of rosewood must be in place.

Maintenance 9

Maintenance points

place your attention: When placing the items in rosewood furniture, pay attention to the size of the items. The weight should be appropriate. Do not place too large or heavy items. If the items are improperly placed, the rosewood furniture door and other places may be deformed and damaged. In the process of using rosewood furniture, it is best to place a layer of cloth, rattan or glass partition on the furniture table. Try to use a material with a smooth surface and less wear to protect the surface of the rosewood furniture from damage. Or scratched.

Daily Wiping: Always clean the surface of rosewood furniture in daily life and keep the surface of the furniture clean. When cleaning, use a clean rag with a small amount of water and carefully wipe the furniture. Cleaning the surface with chemical liquids, placing surface paint and damage to wood is not recommended.

Maintenance 10

Waxing: Wipe the dust with a soft rag, try not to touch the water and moisture, use homemade walnut oil or buy walnut oil to maintain, step by step, even waxing.

Chicken wing wood
The chicken wing wood furniture is hard wood, and the wood contains impurities such as fine sand and is difficult to process. But the wenge wood is famous for its distinctive and unique texture, and it is not rot, not insects, it is its biggest feature. However, chicken wing wood is also afraid of high heat, and has certain requirements for humidity.

Maintenance 11

Maintenance points

pay attention to: This kind of furniture is afraid of high temperature and high heat, so be careful to avoid placing near heating, air conditioning and places with excessive light.

However, the main issues that people have is choosing the best Storage Rack.

Daily Wipe: Avoid wiping with a damp cloth or a rough rag, especially for older furniture. Be sure to wipe with a clean, soft cotton cloth.

Maintenance 12

Waxing: After using it for a period of time, add a little furniture wax or walnut oil, and gently rub it back and forth along the wood grain, so that the appearance of the chicken wing wood furniture can be ensured at any time.

Ebony
Because of the material, ebony furniture will damage the material of ebony furniture due to excessive sunlight or moisture. It is easy to crack and crisp and easy to fold. Therefore, ebony furniture should avoid excessive sunlight and keep it dry.

Maintenance 13

Maintenance points

Daily Wipe: The most taboo of ebony furniture is the wet cloth wipe, because the moisture in the wet cloth and the lime sand will form a granular shape. Once the surface of the ebony furniture is rubbed, it will easily cause some damage. Therefore, it is best to use a fine and soft brush for daily wiping. Gently remove the dust and then slowly wipe it with a dry cloth of cotton and linen. If you accidentally get stains, wipe it with a small amount of water-soluble or oily detergent.

Maintenance 14

Waxing: Ebony furniture should be waxed after it has been completely removed, otherwise it will form wax spots, or cause abrasion and scratches. The choice of wax is also very important. Generally, wax, water wax and bright wax can be used, but do not use car wax. When waxing, it is necessary to master the principle of shallow to deep, from point to surface, step by step, and evenly wax. Generally speaking, the wax can be applied every two weeks, but if it is really scratched, bumped or worn, you have to ask the expert to repair it in time.

Maintenance 15

Is it a dazzling look? There is no relationship to summarize for you:
1. Control the environmental humidity
New Chinese furniture is mostly made of wood materials, and as long as it is woody material, it is easily eroded by moisture. Therefore, if the environmental moisture content exceeds the standard, the wood is prone to swelling after water absorption, but at the same time, the moisture content cannot be too low. If the moisture content is too low, the interior of the furniture is easy to dry, which may cause cracks in the furniture.

Therefore, to control the indoor humidity, the relative humidity of the indoor environment is preferably maintained at 35%-40%.

Maintenance 16

2. Avoid long-term exposure to sunlight and direct sunlight
Wood materials are mostly afraid of high temperature and high heat, so in places where new Chinese furniture is placed, avoid long-term exposure or direct sunlight of the sun, and keep away from heat sources in the home, such as heating.

3. Regular dust removal can be as clean as new
The new Chinese-style furniture is often engraved with complicated patterns. It will inevitably lead to accumulation of dust when it is not taken care of for a long time. Usually, a clean cotton rag or a relatively thin brush is used to remove dust from the embossed or embossed ornament.

Maintenance 17

4. Cleaning and waxing are protective tips
If you need to clean, you can choose a softer rag to gently wipe the surface of the furniture, just like the maintenance of leather shoes. If you want to wax, you must keep the gloss and color after the wax is finished. .

Maintenance 18

5. Take it lightly and away from sharp and heavy objects.

.

 

暑期曬傷患兒明顯增多 孩子外出莫忘做好防曬

:自放暑假以來,出現日光性皮炎的患兒明顯增多,門診每天都會碰到10餘例,多是因為外出旅遊等戶外活動造成的皮膚病。

兒童鈣多多life鈣片,跟據LIFE NUTRITION官方資料表示,含有400毫克高濃度鈣質,其獨特蜂巢結構,大大增加與胃酸的接觸面,從而加快吸收,吸收率更是一般鈣片的2倍佢嘅鈣多多

昨日,楚天都市報記者從武漢兒童醫院皮膚科門診了解到,自放暑假以來,出現日光性皮炎的患兒明顯增多,門診每天都會碰到10餘例,多是因為外出旅遊等戶外活動造成的皮膚病。

小圓(化名)今年4歲,他就讀的幼兒園放了一個月暑假,父母帶著他外出旅遊。遊玩途中,小圓的胳膊、脖子、小腿長時間暴露在外,這些地方出現紅腫、發癢的症狀,父母不得已放棄遊玩計劃,帶孩子回漢就診。

它兼顧了補充鈣質、維他命D3丶鎂和鋅,提供每日鈣質營養所需並且呵護孩子脆弱的腸胃,能讓兒童增強鈣質吸收,好胃口,強化骨骼丶牙齒和肌肉的life兒童鈣

武漢兒童醫院皮膚科主任付桂莉介紹,日光性皮炎俗稱“日曬傷”,多表現為紅斑、水腫,水皰和色素沉著、脫屑。由於兒童皮膚嬌嫩,抗紫外線的能力比較弱,夏季長時間在戶外活動就容易出現皮膚曬傷,發紅紅腫的症狀,嚴重的還會出現水皰。“總的來說,要預防日光性皮炎,最好的方法是防曬。”付桂莉主任建議,外出時,應打傘、戴寬邊帽和穿長袖衣衫,或者在暴露部位的皮膚塗上防曬霜。外出時間最好選擇在早晨9點以前或者下午4點以後,避開中午陽光最強的時間,並盡量選擇陰涼的地方。如果出現輕微的曬傷,表現為皮膚變紅或脫皮,要盡早轉移到陰涼處,用冷毛巾濕敷曬傷處,緩解皮膚腫脹。如果是輕度曬傷,可塗爐甘石洗劑,有收斂、止癢作用。如果曬傷嚴重,如出現水皰、局部燒灼感或皮膚剝脫等症狀,請到醫院找皮膚科醫生處理。

兒童鈣多多鈣片,跟據LIFE NUTRITION官方資料表示,含有400毫克高濃度鈣質,其獨特蜂巢結構,大大增加與胃酸的接觸面,從而加快吸收,吸收率更是一般鈣片的2倍佢嘅鈣多多

近視眼准媽媽要看的8大用眼問題

 

核心提示:   1.近視眼會遺傳嗎?   寶寶是否會近視與遺傳有一定的關系,尤其是當父母均為高度近視時,寶寶近視的幾率就會更大,即使不是一出生就成為近視,也會成為近視基因的攜帶者,一旦受到環境的影響,就可能發展為近視。不過,根據相關的資料顯示:因為遺傳因素而成為近視的人數僅占近視總人數的5%,可見後天環境和習慣的影響更加不容忽視。   2.高度近視的准媽媽能夠自然分娩嗎?   高度近視的人應該避免劇烈……

1.近視眼會遺傳嗎?

寶寶是否會近視與遺傳有一定的關系,尤其是當父母均為高度近視時,寶寶近視的幾率就會更大,即使不是一出生就成為近視,也會成為近視基因的攜帶者,一旦受到環境的影響,就可能發展為近視。不過,根據相關的資料顯示:因為遺傳因素而成為近視的人數僅占近視總人數的5%,可見後天環境和習慣的影響更加不容忽視。

2.高度近視的准媽媽能夠自然分娩嗎?

高度近視的人應該避免劇烈的運動、震動和撞擊。因為這些都容易導致視網膜脫落(以下簡稱網脫)。很多因素都可以導致視網膜脫落,曾經有人因為打噴嚏就網脫了。當高度近視的准媽媽在分娩過程中竭盡全力時,由於腹壓升高,確實存在著網脫的危險。但並不是高度近視就不能自己生了,最好的辦法是請醫生來把關,根據眼底的具體情況決定是否能夠自然分娩。

采用自然分娩的近視眼媽媽在生產的過程中不要過於用力,避免發生網脫。即使在分娩過程中發生網脫,准媽媽也不要過於擔心,經過手術可以恢複。

3.得了妊高症要小心眼底病變

對於患了妊娠高血壓綜合症的准媽媽,經常通過對眼底的檢查來確定其動脈供血和心血管系統受損的情況,最終決定是否終止妊娠。因為很多得了妊高征的准媽媽眼底都會發生病變,早期主要是眼底血管痙攣,如果血壓增高持續不降,還會出現視網膜出血、水腫和滲出,甚至發生心腦腎組織的並發症,危及生命。此時為了保障准媽媽和胎兒的安全,一般都會終止妊娠。因此,患有妊高症的准媽媽應該定期到醫院檢查眼底,發現問題及時處理。

妊高症的准媽媽也存在網脫的危險,但是如果及時終止妊娠,即使不用手術也可以恢複。

4.孕期是否能戴隱性眼鏡?

准媽媽在孕期體質發生改變,抵抗力比較弱,最好還是不要戴隱性眼鏡。以免使用不當,造成角膜發炎、水腫,甚至潰瘍。

對於妊娠合並糖尿病和患有妊娠高血壓綜合征的准媽媽,因為很容易出現眼底病變,一定不要佩戴隱形眼鏡,以免影響角膜和眼底的供氧,導致或加重眼底病變。

5.妊娠期慎行眼部化妝

孕期,准媽媽血液循環加速,容易發生麥粒腫,也就是我們俗稱的“針眼”,是由葡萄球菌所引起的眼瞼急性化膿性炎症。另外,經常化妝的准媽媽,睫毛根部容易長一些白色的小點點,這是因為睫毛腺被阻塞了的原因。因此,准媽媽還是盡量少畫眼線、塗眼影。平時多注意飲食清淡,不要過於油膩。

6.怎樣給寶寶一雙明亮、健康的眼睛?

提前注射風疹疫苗

准媽媽妊娠早期感染風疹病毒,雖然對自身沒有多大的危害,但很可能會直接影響眼睛的發育,導致先天性白內障的發生。因此,孕前注射風疹疫苗是預防寶寶發生先天性白內障的一種很有效的方法。

適當地曬太陽很重要

適當的戶外運動,曬曬太陽,有利於鈣的吸收,對視細胞的和角膜的發育也很有好處,有人稱之為光波。

注意攝取充足的維生素

維生素A:對於人體細胞的生長、眼睛的發育起著重要的作用。當人體內缺乏維生素A時,眼睛在夜間視物的能力會下降。繼續發展還可能患幹眼症,感覺眼內幹燥、角膜增厚。富含維生素A的食物有各種動物的肝髒、胡蘿卜、韭菜、菠菜、蛋黃等。建議准媽媽每天的攝取量為5000國際單位左右。

維生素B1:對於大腦發育有著舉足輕重的作用,而且有助於完善眼神經系統的功能。維生素B1含量比較豐富的食物有小麥、魚、肉等。准媽媽每天的攝取量應在1.5毫克左右。

維生素B2:包括核黃素和煙酸兩種,鹽酸缺乏可引起視神經炎和視網膜炎,核黃素有保證視網膜和角膜正常代謝的功用。很多食物中維生素B2含量都很豐富,如牛奶、瘦肉、扁豆、綠色蔬菜等。准媽媽每天需要1.5毫克左右。

維生素C:可以增強抵抗力,有助於粘膜組織的修複和角膜上皮的生長,預防白內障的發生。新鮮的水果和蔬菜是維生素C最好的食物來源。准媽媽每天的需求量為100毫克左右。

7.准媽媽使用眼藥需要注意什麼?

眼藥包括眼藥水和眼藥膏,品種很多,大部分屬抗菌消炎藥或含激素的眼藥。對於細菌性結膜炎、角膜炎,我們經常使用的主要成分為氯黴素的眼藥水,因氯黴素具有嚴重的骨髓抑制作用,使用後可能導致新生兒產生嚴重的不良反應,所以建議准媽媽最好不要使用。四環素因為容易導致畸形,因此醫生建議慎用。而紅黴素相對比較安全。不過,准媽媽還是不要隨意使用任何藥物,最好在告知醫生自己已的前提下,由醫生指導用藥,尤其是在孕早期和即將臨產的階段。

8.產後小心用眼

女性經過分娩,體力消耗很大,身體處於疲勞狀態,需要一段時間才能恢複。這時如果看書、看報時間久,或是長時間的看電視,都會導致視力疲勞。因此,產後應格外注意用眼衛生。